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Disaster Relief Fund (DRF, American Rescue Plan Act)

Federal Agency


Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)


To carry out the purposes of the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) for costs associated with major disaster declarations. Through the DRF, FEMA can fund authorized federal disaster support activities as well as eligible state, territorial, tribal, and local actions such as providing emergency protection and debris removal. The DRF also funds: 1. The repair and restoration of qualifying disaster-damaged public infrastructure 2. Hazard mitigation initiatives 3. Financial assistance to eligible disaster survivors 4. Fire Management Assistance Grants for qualifying large forest or grassland wildfires

Applicant and/or Project Eligibility Requirements

Eligibility is determined by a federal disaster declaration.

Decarbonization Considerations

A broad range of disaster recovery and climate resilience projects may be considered in Disaster Recovery Funds. Consider projects that build long-term resiliency and climate adaptation while reducing greenhouse gas emissions and/or sequestering carbon. This may include natural infrastructure and ecosystem restoration in flood-prone areas; renewable energy and energy storage investments that may be used for critical infrastructure during a disaster; and wildfire hazard mitigation activities.

Equity Considerations

Consider prioritizing equity throughout the disaster recovery process, including planning and investments in at-risk communities.

Helpful Tips

Deadlines are determined by the disaster. Eligible entities should contact their local FEMA contacts to understand what limitations or time constraints exist for eligible funding.

Other Notes

The Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) is an appropriation against which FEMA can direct, coordinate, manage, and fund eligible response and recovery efforts associated with domestic major disasters and emergencies that overwhelm State resources pursuant to the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act. To determine eligibility for federal disaster declaration funding, please check FEMA's website at

Deadline (Announced or Anticipated)


Funding Available


Max Award Amount


Expected Allocations


Average Award (Estimated)


Matching Funds

Cost share determined by major disaster declaration, typically 75%, although that has changed to 100% for COVID-19 related disasters

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